Mid Century Italian Surrealist Bruno Capacci Tile
A beautiful piece of ceramic art with a touch of politics is appropriate at this time. Made by Bruno Capacci (1906-1996) an Italian artist born in Venice and studied in Florence, Paris, NY and Brussels. Member of the Paris Surrealist Group 1947, In 1955 then teamed up with the Belgian Surrealists. On the back is a label " Commedia dell'art Tirchese ( The comedy car )" The Comedy of Art in Turquoise. Measure 8" square. Title label is on a wooden backing and the tile is edged in metal.
Commedia dell'art is a form of theater characterized by masked characters which began in Italy in the 16th century and was responsible for the advent of the art of improvisation. It is shortened from commedia dell'arte all'improvviso, or "comedy of the craft of improvisation". It was a response to the political and economic crisis of the 16th century.
The performers played outside on temporary stages and relied on various props in place of extensive scenery. During the Napoleonic occupation of Italy, instigators of reform and critics of French Imperial rule used the carnival masks to hide their identities while fueling political agendas, challenging social rule and hurling blatant insults and criticisms at the regime. In 1797, in order to destroy the impromptu style of carnival as a partisan platform, Napoleon outlawed the commedia dell'arte. It was not reborn in Venice until 1979